Thursday, August 27, 2020
Question: Investigate the job of guide and its learning condition as per NMC guidelines. Answer: The reason for this task is to survey proficient tutors learning practically speaking. It will break down the job of coach and its learning condition as indicated by NMC principles. The NMC (National Midwifery Council) standard spreads eight areas, for example, beneficial work connection, appraisal, and responsibility, factors encouraging getting the hang of, learning assessment, the formation of a situation for learning, the setting of training, proof based practice and administration style. This paper will especially talk about space 3 of NMC standard which implies it will address the appraisal and responsibility of guide preparing medical attendants. It will clarify the expert development of Nurse through the help of tutors and how coaches survey the advancement of each medical caretaker. The commitment of tutors in any calling is imperative to the achievement of the group, and coaches have consistently existed in the association to control new workers or staff. A tutor is an accomplished individual in the association who is relegated to go about as a consultant to junior and guide and direction them. The NMC characterizes a coach as an attendant, birthing specialist or network nurture who evaluates understudies learning the procedure and administers them in a down to earth setting (Brand, 2016). Work environment learning is imperative for medical caretakers all through their vocations. This might be through tutoring for a recently enlisted nurture or by experiencing preparing to build up the aptitude in the individual particular zone of work. Guides have a job in sustaining a beginner professional, and they instruct them to rehearse based aptitudes as per their job in emergency clinics or wellbeing center. They give input to proficient medical caretaker under them ev ery once in a while to distinguish botches and gain from them (Jokelainen et al. 2013). Tutoring is given under various setting. With regards to nursing, a guide is an accomplished enlisted nurture who is endorsed for a leading coach program and has fulfilled all the guidelines for tutors set up by Nursing and Midwifery Council. Coaches in nursing have the duty of arranging viable learning exercises, administering medical caretaker by giving useful input and evaluating generally speaking execution. They set practical goal as indicated by the nursing calling. They decide the competency level of the medical caretaker before all else and how they have expanded their aptitude under the oversight of guides. They likewise assume a job in liaising with others to discover what has influenced nurture execution and agreeing they set activity plans for singular attendant or gathering of a medical caretaker (Rooke 2014). There are a few difficulties to powerful coaching. They have two clashing jobs both to help nurture too evaluate their presentation. Above all else, it is basic for the medical attendant to follow NMC standard. Guides are recruited for a gathering of medical attendants who enlist them straightforwardly or in a roundabout way. Legitimate coaching gives the medical caretaker a sentiment of accomplishment and fulfillment. Tutoring is additionally valuable for coaches as their own learning is improved during the procedure. Mentorship is additionally basic for medical attendants moving into new branches of care, for example, palliative consideration or endoscopy nurture (Johnson et al. 2012). It is essential for building up a group, self-awareness, and expert turn of events. Coaches are enlisted nurture who is as of now on a bustling timetable, and they take as much time as is needed out for mentorship. Because of time requirement, they may experience the ill effects of work pressure. So they should be understanding and play out their duty successfully. They ought to teach the medical attendant that patient consideration must be their definitive need. The guide goes about as the assessor of the group. They judge the clinical competency of medical attendants under them (Huston 2013). This segment is about the appraisal methodologies received by guides to pass judgment on understudies learning the procedure. Evaluation is a lot of procedure in tutoring that measure the result and advantage of understudies picking up with respect to proficient information obtained. Coaches gather information to screen that ideal standard of expert practice has been reached by a medical attendant or not. With regards to human services, tutors create practice-based appraisal techniques to check the advancement of medical attendants. NMC has set another standard for the assessment of learning by and by. The motivation behind appraisal is to ensure that nursing staff is able in their expert practice with the goal that ideal general wellbeing is guaranteed. This will keep up the validity of the human services calling just as the social insurance association. The degree of progress ought to be with the end goal that NMC could identify with requests of clinical help and address future nee ds of human services (Giger, 2016). There is an alternate degree of methodologies for evaluation. One is ceaseless appraisal which is estimated by nurture practice situation booklet. It is an efficient arrangement of estimation that gauges the presentation of individual during their course of situation in a wellbeing center. It encourages coaches to evaluate various parts of human services exercises, for example, giving suitable drug, caring for cleanliness of patients, and so forth (Dobrowolska et al. 2015). Coaches likewise judge nursing staff by perceiving how they complete any assignment without their oversight. This will positively affect students. People get a thought regarding their own competency level, and they build up an awareness of other's expectations towards their calling. Appraisal thoroughly relies upon direct perception, yet the judgment contrasts from individual to individual (Bulman and Schutz 2013). On account of my own nursing calling as an endoscopy nurture, I have the duty of offering specialized help during endoscopy technique and thinking about the patients experiencing endoscopy strategy. So tutors can guide such medical caretaker on the comprehension of hazard during the procedure, assessing nursing care as per singular patients. They can show them verbally and relational abilities and expert lead. Coaches can survey after a time of preparing that medical attendant have guaranteed an elevated requirement of nursing care while going to endoscopy units (Hauck et al. 2013). They will check how nurture in fact helps endoscopy methodology and furthermore keeps up the protected working practice. Tutors need to set the magnificent norms of nursing care, and they will pass judgment on individuals as indicated by those rules. An endoscopy nurture needs to figure out how to function without management during endoscopic strategies and ought to have the option to instruct on the off chance that concerning any formal or casual grumblings by patients. Keeping up cleanliness and knowing exact methods of disinfecting endoscope and specific hardware is likewise significant. A coach can pass judgment on endoscopy nurture on every such measure to give a perfect restorative condition to patients (Steven et al. 2014). During the evaluation procedure, the significant issue that surfaces is that diverse individual's judgment level is extraordinary. It may be conceivable that one tutor considers a specific understudy to have created satisfactory competency measures, yet a similar understudy is fizzled by another coach in regards to competency. To limit this hole in judgment, normalized models of appraisal is vital. This will guarantee that straightforwardness is kept up during the assessment method. Judgment is additionally influenced by people observation and comprehension. It tends to be upsetting as not many individuals are dependable and can give practical insight (Curtis 2013). Along these lines unwavering quality and legitimacy is likewise an issue. Legitimacy alludes to what boundary a test will gauge and as indicated by which norms. Unwavering quality is identified with the consistency of evaluation strategies which guarantees that all assessors are making a decision about staffs by similar s tandards. At times exacting evaluation is likewise not acceptable. Individuals build up a dread that they may be punished for any flighty demonstration. It prompts pointless pressure, and individuals may vacillate before severe tutors. At the point when a loosening up condition is given, and the circumstance is less undermining, it empowers positive appraisal. In any case, regardless of a few hindrances, it is seen that coaches are commonly energetic to work with understudies, and they have a positive relationship with each staff. This aides in fast group improvement when individuals cooperate towards creating proficient competency. It is likewise significant for tutors to know the ability of every part. This will help in better responsibility which is a vital piece of the nursing calling (Lach et al. 2013). The duty is endowed to each medical attendant for serving the patient and network that gives them proficient responsibility. The NMC norms have set certain principles of direct and morals for attendants. Aside from explicit expert duty, nurture likewise have individual freedom to incorporate or exclude any parts in nursing practice. A Little piece of adaptability in work is permitted, however the medical attendant must know to legitimize their activity when they are enquired about it. So coaches should show nurture how they ought to react when any crisis circumstance emerges, and they need to take prompt activities. In such case, basic investigation expertise will be generous. When they realize how to break down the circumstance, they can choose which prompt advances will be useful for the consideration of patients. In the event that a medical attendant staff needs to assign work to somebody who isn't enlisted with NMC, at that point likewise they are responsible to see that individu al is sufficiently skilled to play out that obligation. The correct degree of management and backing is important in such case (Eller et al. 2014). Tutoring is additionally an ability which not many individuals can get. On the off chance that individuals don't have the foggiest idea how to evaluate their staff, at that point they come up short in their job as a coach. They not just simply check whether their group is acting to proficient norms or not. They additionally need to recognize what variables are there which go about as hindrances to people groups proficient turn of events. They can invest energy with singular staff t
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Impacts the Media has on Child improvement - Research Paper Example From the first appearance of TVs in quite a while in the twentieth Century, there has been a worry on their effect on the watchers, especially the kids. Ongoing years has seen this worry reached out to electronic media including PCs. The way that kids go through seven hours out of every day on normal in media, for example, TVs, PCs and other electronic gadgets, as substantiated by the American Academy of Pediatrics, AAP shows the significant job that the media plays in forming advancement in kids. Kirkorian et al. (39) watch content as the most pivotal deciding element in assessing how media influences advancement in kids. Consequently, contingent upon the substance in the media under center, the impact on kid improvement could either be certain or negative. Media assume a significant job in language securing. As saw by Kirkorian (40), youngsters who watched Sesame Street, a preschooler instructive program, learnt jargon, distinguishing proof of numbers and letters and ideas includin g shapes and hues. TV seeing has specifically been noted to grant language adapting particularly if the projects remember for screen characters conversing with kids. Youngsters to whom English isn't their first language could make the most of this chance to become familiar with the language as they watch English projects. Media has been credited with planning programs that target imparting social or scholarly aptitudes which help youngsters in learning the expected exercises. Projects managing assorted proficiency in kids including science, arithmetic and social abilities advance learning in youngsters. Kirkorian et al. (46) see that Blue Clues, a TV program concentrated on intellectual and social critical thinking aptitudes among preschoolers, made kids be increasingly deliberate and effective in issue arrangements. The Canadian Pediatric Society (303) likewise locales Sesame Street for instance of a TV program that shows youngsters significant social angles, for example, participa tion, consideration, racial concordance and the letters in order. Such projects invigorate youngsters to visit libraries, exhibition halls and book shops among other dynamic recreational spots that bestow positive learning. This could likewise be said of Internet sites that have educational plans to get ready preschoolers for tutoring. Truth be told, different programming programs have been delivered with this impact and the effect has been sure. In this manner, instructive media enhance instructive accomplishment of youngsters. Pundits contend against media as contrarily affecting on the improvement of subjective abilities in kids. This contention principally rotates around consideration advancement. As indicated by Sigman (102), the incessant switch in substance and scenes upset the capacity of youngsters to support consideration. Moreover, early presentation to non-instructive diversion and rough media programs has been decidedly connected with consideration issues. Kirkorian et al. (45) give a case of an investigation that thought about the impact of a star social program, Mister RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ Neighborhood and rough animation, Batman. The discoveries bolster the relationship between's the substance of media projects and consideration aptitudes in the kids being examined. The kids presented to rough kid's shows indicated diminished self-guideline while those presented to the expert social program displayed resilience of postponement, rule dutifulness and undertaking steadiness. It is imperative to value that the two projects not just
Friday, August 21, 2020
Getting the Most From Your AP English Rhetoric AssessmentsThere are many AP English Rhetoric Assessment Essay samples you can use to improve your own writing skills. You can find lots of these online as well as offline.Many of the syllabus can be found in the common book or course used by every college. There is also a syllabus for the AP English writing syllabus available. You can purchase these to also help you with your writing.You can also get an entire course and assignments from your local college on how to do your essays online. These courses are offered on a free-for-all basis. They are called 'As-A-Service'AS/A' courses, in which you can enroll without paying anything. Many schools offer the course for free and some offer it at very low rates.When looking for essay samples you can use for your own use, make sure you look for ones that are written according to the AP English Rhetoric syllabus. The syllabus can be found in the class book or syllabus and is labeled AP English c ourse. This is your best starting point.If you have to take more advanced classes, you can go to a college that offers AP English for examples on writing for those courses. You can also buy AP English Rhetoric assessment essay samples to use for your assignments. You should purchase them when they are offered to help you with your writing projects.Do not just buy one or two essays sample and then say that you need to find more on your own. Go ahead and purchase more, not because you need them but because you want to use them. Researching online for example will also help you in this regard. There are a number of resources you can find online that can help you when looking for essay samples.The syllabus will help you determine how good a professor is. You can take notes during the class so that you can review at a later time. You can ask questions of the professors and see if they answer them. The professors should answer your questions honestly and in a straight forward manner.Your fellow students can be a great source of information to find out what happens at your class. Ask them how their class is going and what they think of the class. They might tell you what you need to know about your professor.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Whales have been around on Earth for many years. One thing that originated due to the population of the speices is whaling. Whaling is the act of hunting for whales whether in the need for food, for scientific research, or for commercial reasons. It was not until the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s when the concern for the decrease in whale population was brought to light by the Director of the British Museum, Sidney Harmer (Hoare, 2014). The sudden awareness for the number of whales brought on the Ã¢â¬Å"Save the WhalesÃ¢â¬ title, which was used in 1924. By 1930, the League of Nations started to focus on the problem at hand. The focus that was put on the whaling population, brought on many organizations that tried to assist in the regrowth of the whale species.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The best representation of it would be found within the numbers that whalers themselves have to supply to the organizations who regulate the amount of whales that can be hunted. Another way to collect data on w hales is to actually take part in whaling itself. Some places actually use whaling as a way to gather information on the health of the mammels or even population. It is safe to estimate that if a group of whalers have not been able to kill as many whales as the year before, that the population of the species has declined. Like any other set of data, statistics found on whaling are analyzed by compairing numbers that are gathered by other whalers or data that has been collected over the years. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦for many of the 20th century fisheries there are regular summary reports by national agencies and international bodies, usually giving the number of whales landed at shore stations or processed at sea by specific ships.Ã¢â¬ (Reeves Smith, 2010) The data collected on whaling is put into three separate types. The first type of data is just that, the number of whales landed, the second type is Ã¢â¬Å"reports of catch and production by pre20th century commercial shore whaling estab lishments.Ã¢â¬ , and the third data is that of which is collected from catch and production by voyages (Reeves Smith, 2010) WHALING 4 The second two forms of data collected from whaling, pre20th century commercial whaling establishments and pre20thShow MoreRelatedProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 Pagesand 12, have been updated. Ã¢â¬ ¢ New student exercises and cases have been added to most chapters. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Answers to selected exercises are now available in Appendix 1 Ã¢â¬ ¢ A third major computer exercise has been added to the Appendix 2; Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshot from PracticeÃ¢â¬ boxes feature a number of new examples of project management in action as well as new research highlights that continue to promote practical application of project management. Overall the text addresses the major questions and issues the authorsRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words Ã |Ã 702 Pagesdiscussions, and even debates. In the gentle environment of the classroom, students can hone their analytical skills and also their persuasive skillsÃ¢â¬ânot selling products but selling their ideasÃ¢â¬âand defend them against critical scrutiny. This is great practice for the arena of business to come. NEW TO THIS EDITION In contrast to the early editions, which examined only notable mistakes, and based on your favorable comments about recent editions, I have again included some well-known successes. While
Friday, May 15, 2020
Macbeth, one of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous tragedies, tells the story of a Scottish nobleman and his own ambition to become king. The source material is HolinshedÃ¢â¬â¢s Chronicle, which compiled a history of England, Scotland and Ireland. First published in its Folio edition in 1623, it is the shortest of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedies. Despite its brevity, it had a rich legacy. Fast Facts: Macbeth Title: MacbethAuthor: William ShakespearePublisher:Ã Edward Blount and William and Isaac JaggardYear Published: First Edition, Folio, 1623Genre: dramaType of Work: tragedyOriginal Language: EnglishThemes: Ambition, fate, free will, loyalty, appearance vs. realityCharacters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, The Three Witches, Duncan, Banquo, MacduffNotable Adaptations: Orson WellesÃ¢â¬â¢ Voodoo Macbeth (1936); Akira KurosawaÃ¢â¬â¢s Throne of Blood (1957);Ã Roman PolanskiÃ¢â¬â¢s The Tragedy of Macbeth (1971)Fun Fact: due to superstition, actors avoid addressing Macbeth by its name directly, and use the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"The Scottish PlayÃ¢â¬ instead. Plot Summary Macbeth is a tragedy telling the story of the Scottish nobleman by the same name, consumed by his own ambition to become king and by the consequences of the acts he commits in order to achieve his goal. At the beginning of the play, after a victorious battle, Macbeth and fellow general Banquo meet three witches in a heath, and they deliver prophecies to both of them: Macbeth would become king of Scotland, and Banquo will father a line of kings while not becoming king himself. Encouraged by Lady Macbeth, his ruthless wife, Macbeth plans to kill King Duncan. After his murder, since his heir Malcolm and his brother Donalbain promptly flee to England and Ireland, respectively, Macbeth is crowned king. Consumed by guilt and paranoia, he becomes more and more of a tyrant as the play progresses. First he has Banquo killed, and his ghost visits him during a banquet. After consulting the witches again, who tell him to beware of Macduff and that he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be vanquished by anyone Ã¢â¬Å"of woman born,Ã¢â¬ he tries to have MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s castle seized and everyone inside killed. However, since Macduff had gone to England to join forces with Malcolm, Macbeth only succeeds in having MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s family killed. This prompts Macduff and Malcolm to raise an army aimed at dethroning Macbeth. Meanwhile, Lady Macbeth, who initially was more assertive than her husband, has become consumed by guilt to the point of insanity and eventually kills herself. The Scottish generals rally against Macbeth, and Macduff manages to vanquish himÃ¢â¬âhe was not Ã¢â¬Å"of woman bornÃ¢â¬ but Ã¢â¬Å"from his mothers womb untimely ripped.Ã¢â¬ Ã The play ends with Malcolm being crowned king of Scotland. Major Characters Macbeth. Macbeth is initially presented as a Scottish nobleman and a valiant warrior. However, after listening to the prophecy delivered by the Three Witches in which he is told he would be king, he is overcome by blind ambition, and, strongly encouraged by his wife, he kills the king to usurp the throne.Ã His thirst for power is counterbalanced by paranoia, which leads to his downfall. Lady Macbeth. MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, she thinks her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s nature is too full of kindness. She is the one who devises the plot for her husband to murder King Duncan, and is initially less fazed by the deed than her husband. However, she eventually unravels too, and commits suicide. The Three Witches. Whether they control fate or are merely its agents, the Three Witches set the tragedy in motion: they deliver Macbeth and his companion Banquo with a prophecy that the former shall be king, and the latter shall generate a line of kings. These prophecies have a great influence on Macbeth, who decides to usurp the throne of Scotland. Banquo. Banquo is another Scottish thane who was with Macbeth when the witches delivered their prophecy. He is told that he will father a line of kings while not becoming king himself. After the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, Macbeth feels threatened by Banquo and has him murdered by hired assassins. Yet, Banquo returns as a ghost at a banquet, visibly startling Macbeth, who is the only one who can see him.Ã Macduff. Macduff finds King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s body after he was murdered and immediately suspects Macbeth. Eventually, he murders Macbeth. King Duncan. The wise and firm king of Scotland at the beginning of the play, he is murdered by Macbeth so he can usurp the throne. He represents moral order in the play, which Macbeth destroys and Macduff restores. Main Themes Ambition. MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s ambition is devoid of any morality and is the cause of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall. After becoming king of Scotland, MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s ambition turns him into a tyrant, and he has his suspected enemies murdered. Ambition is a trait his wife Lady Macbeth shares, and she, too, succumbs to it.Ã Loyalty. At he beginning of the play, King Duncan rewards Macbeth with the title Ã¢â¬Å"Thane of CawdorÃ¢â¬ because the original Thane of Cawdor was actually a traitor, but Macbeth betrays the king in order to usurp the throne. Macduff, who suspects Macbeth once he sees the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s corpse, flees to England to join DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s son Malcolm, and together they plan the downfall of Macbeth and restore the moral order.Ã Fate and free will. The witches do show Macbeth his future and his fate, but MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s actions are arbitrary and not pre-ordained.Ã Appearance and reality. Ã¢â¬Å"Fair is foul and foul is fair,Ã¢â¬ is one of the famous quotes in Macbeth, and appearance and reality intermingle in the play: the witches give out paradoxical prophecies and characters hide their true intentions. For example, Macbeth seems honorable but actually plans to murder King Duncan. Malcolm soon flees Scotland after his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, which seems suspicious at first, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s actually a way for him to protect himself. Literary Style The language used by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth evolves throughout the play.Ã At first, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re both characterized by a fluent and energetic style, but, as their ambition gradually overtakes them, their speech becomes fragmented. For instance, while prose in Shakespeares plays is reserved to characters of low social orders, once Lady Macbeth is overcome by madness, she utters her lines in prose too. By contrast, the witches speak in enigmatic riddles interposed with grotesque elements.Ã About the Author William Shakespeare, who wrote ten tragedies and eighteen comedies, wrote King Lear (1605), Macbeth (1606), and The Tempest during King JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ reign. King James was patron of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s acting company, and Macbeth, by stating that King James descended from the Scottish thane Banquo, is a de facto tribute to ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s sovereign.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
August 13th, 2013 A.P. U.S. History DBQ The American Revolution By the 1750s, the American colonies had come a long way from their original struggles and failures. They had grown in both population and economic stability. Even so, relations between the colonies and Great Britain were strained. The colonists became more and more discontented with EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s control of their political and economic affairs. The colonies were dissatisfied with the rules of British Mercantilism, or the idea that the colonies were a mere source of raw materials and market for the British mainland. This animosity for the motherland had then been seeded by the lack of economic freedom and the harsh taxes that had been set on everyday luxuries and necessities;Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The colonies, however risked being punished for the Ã¢â¬Å"contraband tradeÃ¢â¬ due to its desire for rare specie1 . The colonists edged closer and closer to a turning point. Several colonists still insisted on finding a peaceful resolution and remaining under Great BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s control. The majority, however were dissatisfied with BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s abusive treatment of colonists. Colonists demanded the same rights that all British-born persons were entitled to by the common law of England. . Tensions between Parliament and the colonies reached a point of no return. Great Britain sought out to stop all rebellion attempts from the colonies by mobilizing its troops. In response, colonists formed militias to protect colonistsÃ¢â¬â¢ rights. As independence and the forming of a new, separate nation were imminent, Great Britain performed its utmost to keep the colonies under control whereas colonists were prepared to do whatever it took, including violence, to get the freedom they so wanted. . Great Britain greatly benefitted from the taxes it enforced on goods in the colonies. It saw these colonies as a source of revenue; that is why it attempted so hard to keep it under its jurisdiction and control. By prohibiting all other trade with foreign countries and restricting the import of goods, Great Britain ensured that it would make maximum profit out of its North American colonies. The conflicts began in the economic
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Data Refers Different Types Of Algorithms? Answer: Introducation The case study has highlighted the issue related to big data security in the data storage systems. The term big data refers to different types of algorithms, technology and the infrastructure which can store and analyze massive amount of data. There are several and diversified sources of big data which are used for adoption and the development of big data applications. In the present times, big data applications are necessary to increase the efficiency and the effectiveness of the decision-making in large business organizations. In the present times, data and knowledge is considered as the most crucial asset for the business organizations. The applications of big data are ranging from the military, science and business intelligence (Lopez Saleem, 2017). Although big data has immense applications in different work and operations in business enterprises, it also bears several types of security and privacy risk for the users. Big data applications are becoming target of various threat agents and with time, several specialized attacks will also be devised to exploit the vulnerabilities and the threats of big data. It has been identified that the big data threat includes but is not limited to the theft of ordinary data and new breaches and degradation and threats have emerged which can impact the data which is collected with the help of big data collection method. The frequency of outsourcing in big data can introduce new type of breach, leakage and degradation threats. They can also impact on the privacy and data protection. In big data system, additional time is required for parallelization and ingestion; however, the requirement of additional time can increase the impact and frequency of data leakage and breach. In addition to it, sev eral security challenges and issues are aligned with big data asset owners and the interest of different asset owners are not aligned together and might be in conflict. The security countermeasures may be in conflicts which can create a difficult big data security landscape. The report has highlighted the security issues with the big data. Moreover, the report has identified the gaps between big threat and countermeasures in the big data. If the business organizations adopt basic privacy and security practices, it can decrease the privacy and security risks in big data organizations. The initial security arrangements can be beneficial for the organization and it will reduce the cost and effort required to provide ad hoc solutions later on (Sharvari, Solanki, Kumar, Nilanjan, 2017). The current countermeasure technique should adapt the existing solutions against the traditional data threats in the big data environment. It should also focus on adaptation of the existing solutions to the big data challenges. The report has provided several recommendations such as departure from the traditional data security methods to big data specific solutions. The business organizations should also identify the gaps and needs in the current standardization activities and focus on training and specialization of the professionals. The organization should define the tools and techniques for the security and the privacy protection and simplify or customize the solutions for mitigating risk and threats in the business organizations (Mather, Kumaraswamy, Latif, 2009). With the advent of big data, several new security and privacy threats have arisen. The threats refer to any event which may provide unauthorized access, damage or denial of service to a third party organization. According to the personal perception, the information leakage due to human error or sharing is the primary threat to the business organizations. The threats refer to all those security breaches which are caused by human errors, misconfiguration or clerical errors. The human errors refer to the misconfiguration, slips or errors due to skill disadvantage or use of simple or easy to guess user names, and mistakes related to software upgrading or procedural flaws (Craig Ludloff, 2011). Information leakage due to misconfiguration can be a common problem. There are several setups for system administration such as Redis, MongoDB, Memcache and ElesticSearch. The default settings do not have any configuration for authentication, encryption or authorization of the data. It means that the data can be easily accessed by a third party. It can be critiqued that the data breach due to human error is the biggest threat to a business organization. The organization invests a large amount of money in training employees to operate organizations device or equipment. However, still a large amount of employees make mistakes in operating it. The human error can be reduced by training; however, it cannot be completely vanished. Therefore, it is the most significant error in big data application. With negligence, the employees may reveal sensitive or confidential information of the organization (Katsikas, Lambrinoudakis Furnell, 2016). The threat agent is an entity which or who has the capabilities, intention or the past activities of threatening or causing damage to the data of an organization. The threat agents can be corporation, cyber criminals, cyber terrorists, social hackers or employees. The corporations refer to the organizations or entities which are engaged in offensive methods so that they can gain competitive advantage over their competitors or to obtain significant capabilities related to any specific area of expertise. The cyber criminals are hostile factors who want to obtain financial gain or any specific skill by breaching the security system of an organization. The cybercriminals operate in local, national or international level. On the other hand, cyber terrorists are engaged in numerous activities and the cybercrime or cyber-attacks are only a part of it. They are differentiated by their motivation which can be political or religious and their capability is usually high in nature. The cyber ter rorists focus on the critical infrastructure of the location which is public health, energy production or the telecommunication infrastructure of the organization. The cyber terrorists cause severe impact on the society or the government. The online social hackers refers to the socially or the politically motivated individuals who are motivated to use online mediums to promote or protest for their cause. Along with it, the employee can also pose significant threat to a business organization. They can access a companys resource and easily leak the sensitive information. The employees can be non-hostile threat agents or hostile threat agents. The non-hostile threat agents refers to the distracted employees whereas thee disgruntled employees are included in hostile threat agents (Wheeler Winburn, 2015). The nation agents have also become another significant threat agent which may use online capabilities to use against an adversary. In the recent years, several nation states have deplo yed sophisticated cyber-attacks to secure highly-sensitive information related to intelligence, military and other technological developments. There are several practices which can be adopted to secure the sensitive information of the organization to protect the big data assets of the organization. Cryptography can be used to protect the data from unintentional leakages and to prevent unauthorized access to the data and the system. However, encryption or cryptography can create additional complexity and require additional demand and requirement for the infrastructure. Other than that, information leakage due to incapability of the information system can be addressed by integrating the security features at the initial stage of development t lifecycle of the organization. The use of ad hoc key management tools can also be used to protect the data from eavesdropping, interception or hijacking of the information. In addition to it, the nefarious activities or abuse can be addressed by establishing access control in the organization. It means that the information should be provided an appropriate level of protection according to its importance to the organization. The security protocols should be implemented according to its importance to the organization. Several cyber-attackers attack other system prevent the owners access to the system. It is called denial of service and it can be mitigated with the help of network traffic monitoring, filtering, and rate limiting and general DNS services (Bunnik, Cawley, Lulqueen Zwitter, 2016). The major trends in cyber-security are due to threat to the privacy and the confidentiality of the data streams. The primary challenge for the business organizations is the issue of personal identification information and the confidentiality of the customers and the organization. The identity fraud can result due to traffic capture and data mining. The anonymity of the users is another issue for the organization. An organization can increase the privacy by the use of cryptography; however, there are several issues related to the cryptographic technique. It includes performance and scalability, protection of logical and physical fragments. Cryptography can increase the complexity of the system and negatively impacts on the performance. Several products and ad hoc solutions can be used instead of cryptography to increase the overall performance of the system. There are also several issues related to the computing infrastructure and storage models. There are several issues related to th e lack of standardization and the portability of security controls which may arise due to the poor design of the security features of the system (Pearson Yee, 2012). ENISA Threat Landscape (ETL) is an organization which identifies the threats and other contemporary security issues with the digital system and new technologies. The organization conducts a survey with the business managers and IT professionals in different organizations posted at different levels. The organization can use other primary data collection methods to access more information related to the information security risk. In the personal perception, the organization should conduct interview with the industry experts. It will provide the customers with in-depth information related to the information security challenges and they can also identify solutions regarding how to address these challenges. The organization should also conduct research on different companies in other nations regarding the information security breach and the current breach of information. With this, the organization will have first-hand knowledge regarding different kinds of data breach. They will also be possessing knowledge regarding what to do in such situations (Hu, 2016). The organization should also examine how other highly secure organizations are managing the security of their system. The organization should identify the issues specific to the business system and the operations of the organization. The report should also suggest the security measures and tactics which can be used by the organization to address the situation. The ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) is center for information security network which promoted information security in the private and the public sector organizations situated in EU and its member states. It provides recommendations and suggestions related to information security. It also assists the member states of the Union to develop legislations and policies to encourage information security of the business organizations. There are several public and private sector organizations which regularly deal with highly sensitive information; therefore, it is important that the organization have access to high level security arrangements. Currently, cloud and big data are frequently adopted by the business organizations as they are cost-effective method to store a large amount of information however, with emerging technologies, the security issues also evolve (ENISA, 2016). ENISA should be satisfied with its current state of IT security. It has been identified that the business organizations in European Union have developed resilient methods to protect the identity of the organization. The organization tries to maintain maximum security in private and public organizations by implementing various security measures and other tactics. Firstly, the organization implements regular analysis of the contemporary issues in the technological system of the organization. The organization has implemented cloud services for the database infrastructure and for information storage. It is a cost-effective method for information storage; however, with its implementation several security issues have also arisen. ENISA has also examined various methods related to IT infrastructure so that it can also uplift its current status of security (Halpert, 2011). It is recommended that the organization should also focus on research and development so that they can develop methods w hich can address the recent or novel security breaches. References Bunnik, A., Cawley, A., Lulqueen, M., Zwitter, A. (2016). Big Data Challenges: Society, Security, Innovation and Ethics. Springer. 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